The Island Invented to Scam a Rich Guy


This video was made possible by Brilliant. Learn complex topics simply for 20% off by
being one of the first 200 to sign up at Brilliant.org/HAI. Welcome, welcome everyone and congratulations. I have some great news. I, your trusty narrator, have just come across
a previously undiscovered island paradise—and for the low low price of you clicking on the
sponsor link in the description, plus three small installments of $49,999, I am willing
to give you the exclusive naming rights. What’s your username—xXSirFartALotXx? Well then, xXSirFartALotXx Island it is. Oh, you want to visit the island? Ummm…well…why would you want to do that? You know what, why don’t I pencil you in
for February 31st of next year? Oooh, that date doesn’t work? Hmm, you know what, how about this: instead
of letting you visit the island, I’ll tell you a story that’s not at all relevant to
this situation at all, of course. In 1907, Robert Peary was the most famous,
and most experienced Arctic explorer in the world, but he had a problem—he hadn’t
yet managed to become the first to visit the most arctic of arctic places, the North Pole,
and his cash reserves were becoming nonexistent. The previous year, he had almost made it—supposedly
getting within 175 miles or 280 kilometers—but was turned around by a combination of storms
and depleting supplies, but Robert Peary was sure he could get there if he just had another
try. He possessed the kind of confidence that only
a man with a Lorax level mustache can have. All he needed to make another journey was
money. However, the arctic adventure capital market
was a bit reluctant to give him more after the previous failures, so, Peary hatched a
plan. The key to that plan was a wealthy San Francisco
financier named George Crocker, who had previously donated $50,000 to Peary’s failed 1906 voyage. This was, of course, a time when 50k bought
you more than two buckets of movie theatre popcorn and a calculus textbook. Peary wanted Crocker to help fund his new
voyage but, considering the previous trip he financed achieved diddly squat, this could
be tough. But what if, and hear me out, the previous
voyage wasn’t a colossal failure. Peary thought of a way to not only convince
Crocker that the previous voyage hadn’t been a failure, but also to butter him up
a little bit by doing the one thing that rich people love more than anything else—naming
things after them. And so, Peary revealed that on his 1906 voyage,
though he hadn’t made it to the North Pole, he had seen, from a distance, an enormous,
previously undiscovered land mass. He wrote that he spotted, “faint white summits,”
130 miles northwest of Cape Thomas Hubbard, and that once he got closer, he could make
out, “the snow-clad summits of the distant land in the northwest, above the ice horizon.” In honor of George Crocker, the San Francisco
financier, Peary named this beautiful, snow-peaked land mass, “Crocker Land.” But then Robert Peary had two problems. The first problem? George Crocker had already given most of his
money to boring causes like rebuilding San Francisco after the earthquake of 1906, and
so as flattered as he may have been, there wasn’t money left for funding Peary’s
arctic antics. The second problem? The island was totally, 100%, made up. Now normally, this might not be such a big
deal. Guy makes up an imaginary island, who cares? Captain James Cook did so three centuries
ago and still nobody’s called him out, but this fake island ended up mattering a lot. You see, eventually, Robert Peary did manage
to secure funding for another voyage, mostly from the National Geographic Society. On April 6, 1909, he finally made it to the
North Pole, or at least, he said he did. He had a picture, but this could be any old
pile of snow. He returned home proudly proclaiming that
he was the first man ever to reach the North Pole, to which a guy named Frederick Cook,
another Arctic explorer, replied, “um…I was there, like, a year ago,” but, Cook
said that he’d sailed through where this giant land mass called Crocker’s Land was
supposedly located. If I know anything about boats, it’s that
they don’t work well on land and, since Cook hadn’t found a thing except for cold
water and walrus farts, someone’s lying here. But, because of this, the existence of Crocker
Land became crucially important as it would prove who had really gone to the North Pole
first. If it did exist, then Frederick Cook must
be lying about going to the North Pole. If it didn’t exist, Frederick Cook did go
to the North Pole, and Robert Peary was the liar. Of course, at that time you couldn’t just
fire up your handy household satellite to check and so, to settle it, a man named Donald
McMillian decided to go on another expedition to find the land. Not only would this prove who was telling
the truth, but it would possibly give McMillan the opportunity to be the first to step onto
what was considered, “the last great unknown place in the world.” That voyage was, incredibly, a failure. In addition to their ship getting stuck in
the ice for three years before they could return home, the only bright spot came when
a crew member saw what looked to be the island—a beautiful, snowy-peaked landmass—but it
turned out to be a mirage. In light of that fact, some have suggested
that Peary didn’t lie about the island, but was actually just seeing a mirage, but
unfortunately for Peary’s reputation, it looks like that’s letting him off too easy. Historians looked at Peary’s original notes
and logs for the date that Crocker’s Land was supposedly discovered, and they found
that he doesn’t mention anything about it. All he says happened that day was that he
climbed up some rocks, and then climbed down the rocks. Plus, the early drafts of his book even didn’t
include anything about it, but then three paragraphs about Crocker Land mysteriously
showed up just before the book was published—just when Peary needed to get more money. In other words, Crocker Land was a load of
crock. One of Peary’s major issues, aside from
inventing an island, was that, when he supposedly went to this north pole, his crew did not
include a single navigator who could make their own independent observations as to whether
or not they were truly at the pole, or just some pile of ice, and so people didn’t believe
him. Instead, his crew should have learned to navigate
starting by gaining a fundamental understanding of geometry through the course on brilliant.org. This would give them the skills needed to
use a sextant, for example, which measures the angle between the horizon and the sun,
or another object in the sky, in order to calculate a ship’s position. You too can take Brilliant’s fantastic fundamentals
of geometry course or one of their dozens of other carefully designed courses. They each are able to help you learn complex
topics simply by breaking them down into intuitive, component parts. Best of all, you can get started learning
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subscription at that link, you will also get 20% off.

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Reader Comments

  1. Nothing

    He was the most famous Arctic explorer, but nobody had faith in him enough to finance his xpedition because he failed too many times? Sounds like he was more famous for being a failure. Otherwise, if his reputation was cromulent, nobody should have a problen funding him.

  2. Nothing

    Brilliant.org is the real crock here. Why pay for something you can get for free? I guarantee any topic on brilliant has free resorces available about it right here on YouTube, or open course ware. Not to mention the fact that you can easily find free courses from just about any major colllege or university.

  3. Kaleb Bruwer

    Yes, because obviously the north pole will stand out because of the spike in the ice that signifies it. It can't possibly look exactly the same as the rest of the place

  4. Sky_warslord

    Let me just manipulate the earths rotation, the earths axis, the distance from the sun to the earth etc, So that February 31st can exist (:<
    So can I come now?

  5. Xynnful

    Well if satellites didn't exist back then, then surely brilliant.org also didn't. So Robert Peary's crew couldn't have learned to navigate by gaining a fundamental understanding of geometry through the course of brilliant.org.

  6. Matthew Robinson

    I love that map of New Zealand by Cook. We have it up on the wall. Banks Peninsula is an island on it and Stewart Island is joined to the South Island.

  7. Audi Azham

    Lmao this crocker land reminds me of GTA san andreas biggest myth, the N/North Island. "Just keep flying to the N sign until you find an island"

  8. stonks

    Henlo would u like to buy some totally real island stonks? They are only [REDACTED] amounts of currency.

    Like this comment for a discount

  9. Chii Suigintou

    5:42 The internet was invented during the cold war.
    There's no way they could've gone to any site.,.
    I get it, you love to push your sponsored content into this,
    but at least make it not sound like complete bullshit!

  10. Boosted PD

    Yo I have my med card and im steady fried every time I watch one of your vids Sam, absolutely phenomenal content, both educational and hysterical-love it!! Haha cheers m8

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